For couples whose husband is diagnosed with azoospermia or with no sperm retrieved during surgical sperm techniques, they can choose to use donor sperm in their assisted reproductive treatment. Sperm donation can also be considered for couples with repeated treatment cycle failures using husband’s sperm of poor prognosis.
Who may consider sperm donation?
Indications to consider sperm donation:
The male partner is azoospermic where no sperm is found in the ejaculate.
The male partner has no sperm in surgically-retrieved samples from the testicles.
The male partner has severe oligoasthenozoospermia or other sperm abnormalities significantly affecting treatment outcome.
The male partner has ejaculatory dysfunction.
The male partner has an inheritable disease or genetic defect that is transmissible.
The decision to use donor sperm should be mutually consented between the couple and discussed with our fertility specialist. You will be counselled and guided throughout the process. Sperm donors are sourced from Sperm Banks from abroad that meet requirements of being screened for infectious diseases and/or genetic conditions. Sperm obtained from donors must be between the ages of 21 and 40 at the point of sperm removal. Alternatively, sperm donation may be sought from others in an altruistic manner.
In cases where women are unable to conceive because of issues with egg quality, premature ovarian failure or other reasons, the women may seek to obtain donor eggs for their assisted reproductive treatment.
Who may consider egg donation?
Egg donation could be a viable option for women:
- who have premature ovarian failure where menopause starts much earlier than usual.
- who have low ovarian reserve with eggs of poor quality.
- who carry a genetically transmitted disease that can be passed down to their child.
- who have a history of repeated failures with IVF.
If you are seeking to use donor eggs in your reproductive treatment cycle, you will need to find your own donor. The donor is required to be counselled, screened for infectious diseases and/or genetic conditions before being allowed to start on stimulation. Other requirements is that the donor should be between the ages of 21 and 35 at the point of egg collection.
The cost of enrolling in a Donor Programme
There are strict laws governing gamete donation in Singapore. Under the Human Cloning Act, the centre is prohibited against commercial trading of human eggs, human sperm and human embryos. However, you will be charged an administrative fee for the donor programmes.